PREPARATION OF MEDIUM DENSITY FIBREBOARD FROM COCONUT COIR AND POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE FOR FURNITURE APPLICATIONS

HASLIZAM, NURAIN NABILA (2017) PREPARATION OF MEDIUM DENSITY FIBREBOARD FROM COCONUT COIR AND POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE FOR FURNITURE APPLICATIONS. Other thesis, UNIVERSITI TUN HUSSEIN ONN MALAYSIA.

[img]
Preview
Text (NURAIN NABILA BT HASLIZAM AP140122)
first 25 pages.pdf

Download (582kB) | Preview

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to produce the medium density fibreboard (MDF) made from coconut coir and polyethylene terephthalate (PET). This is to prevent the food, plastic wastage and deforestation happened in Malaysia even around the world. Furthermore, this study also aims to determine the characteristic of physical and mechanical properties of the MDF produced from coconut coir and PET. Firstly, the coconut coir has been treated with NaOH, followed by soaking, washing and drying. Both coconut coir and PET were mixed with 25% urea formaldehyde, then undergoes a hot pressing for 15 minutes using hot press machine at 180 °C with 0.098 MPa. The performance of the biocomposite was evaluated by its physical and mechanical characteristics. The physical characteristics were determined by the density and water absorption test while mechanical characteristic was analyzed with bending strength (ISO 178:93). Due to the chemical treatment that had been done, the coconut coir had loss the weight from 360 g to 345 g which loses about 15 g during the process, which about 95% already convert into fibre. They became more darker when they undergo a mixing process which they had to be mixed together with polyproplyene and PET under a high temperature, indicating that increased of coconut coir fibre content resulted darker colour of MDF. Besides, the tests to determine the physical and mechanical properties have been conducted. It can be concluded that when the water absorption decreased, the density of the MDF tends to be increased with the increased of fibre content. This study showed that the increasing of coconut coir fibre leads to the decreasing in MOR while the MOE value increases as the fibre content increase.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Technology Management and Business > Department of Production and Operation Management
Depositing User: Mr. Te Chuan Lee
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2018 09:34
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2018 09:34
URI: http://ethesis.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/293

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item